All posts by rethink

Rain water harvesting

Shortage of clean drinking water is quite common in refugee/IDP camps in Uganda. People living in the camps are dependent on water provided by UNHCR and NGO’s. This shortage of clean drinking water causes the usage of contaminated/dirty water for the drinking purposes, which exasperates the healthcare situation in the camps.

Rainy season in Uganda spans for around 8 months in a year, however, the rain water is not collected for the usage despite its abundance and minimal requirement of treatment before usage.

rainfall
Rainfall in Pader per month

Keeping in view the situation in camps and an opportunity, we are building a rain water harvesting tool/material KIT that is easily deployable, cheap, and durable and it fits almost every type of house built in the camps. It is also easy to transport during the transition phase as well cheap girls air jordan 10. This kit will be given to the refugees/ IDP on their arrival to the camps.

After the design summit, one of the participant, Tobias Bahne took on the project further and did research and prototyping as part of his graduation project at the Bauhaus school of Design.

Project report by Tobias Bahne

report

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Hospital in a box

Problem statement
How can we rethink the deployment of first aid medical equipment used in emergency relief in order to make it “logistics-friendly”?

Response
The project “hospital in box” was an idea based on the fact that after a disaster there is high number of people that require many different medical treatments.  To make a proper observation of the patients and determine which treatment they must have and, in case of a simple treatment to effectively perform it, be able to treat patients without delay. Current solutions are adopted from “normal” medical settings but are not adapted to the demanding environment of post-disaster settings nike lebron basketball shoes. This project evolved towards two concepts of a compact and modular concept integrating a folding stretcher, storage and hanging space.

a box open up to become an hospital bed

The final concepts have the potential initially proposed: to gather multiple components in one, making the solution more compact, being practical to deploy (in terms of transport logistics and of setting up ease) and to clean and repair cheap air max sneakers. Besides being an innovative solution not yet existing in the market it can be further developed to accommodate the requirements for adoption or manufacturability in disaster-prone regions.

 

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T.U. Delft 2011

hands2The first Rethink Relief Design summit was held in the Netherlands in TU Delft University in October 2011. It included staff from international organizations (Save the Children, MSF, Caritas), and many professional and student designers.

A hands-on event concept was created in which different stakeholders from the humanitarian aid and design fields would be given an opportunity to interact by sharing and learning with their experiences and to engage in the solution space by developing a holistic approach to technology that considers the transition from emergency response to post-disaster self-sufficiency.

The design process was then compressed and divided along five days as well as translated into knowledge that could be understood by non-designers. The participants had the opportunity to brainstorm and select specific projects matching their interest and were divided into multi-disciplinary teams that were guided through the design process cheap mens nike air max 1, from the initial problem framing through idea generation, experimentation, sketch modelling, concept selection and prototype fabrication. The organizers and external senior designers were invited to facilitate the work of the groups or provide any help when requested.

Impression from Rethink Relief 2011, by participant David Okello

It was October 2011 when I had the opportunity to attend the very first Rethink Relief conference in Delft, Netherlands. It all started with a “heads-on” panel discussion on the challenges of transition from relief to development and ended with “hands-on” design process during the last three days of the five-day conference.

Coming from a project management background, I was not sure if I would be relevant and make any contribution toward the technology design process when the session shifted from “heads-on” to “hands-on.” Our group was assigned to work on rainwater harvesting for the rural resettling community in northern Uganda. It was indeed an amazing process. I learned how systematic and iterative engineers are as they move through the design process and soon, I was as busy as any engineer at a lab.

What I took with me home from the conference is that technology design and innovation is a creation of the mind. And what one needs to develop technology is a creative mind that does not limit its thinking capacity. I also learned that many people normally limit their minds or underestimate their creative capacity and as a result, they convince themselves that “it is impossible,” yet they have the capacity to undo the impossibilities mens new balance 576. I also learned that once the thinking process is grounded to paper, pen, hammer, saws, and drills, the immediate results are prototypes and sooner or later, a technology is born!

Participants of Rethink Relief 2011

Partners

partners-Delft

 

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First impression of Rethink Relief 2014

Ana Laura Santos, a Rethink Relief organizer give a small overview of her experience in this year event in Pader Uganda,
Follow Ana Laura’s great blog at http://emergentagency.org/:

I just came back from Pader, Uganda, after the intense Rethink Relief workshop

Map situating Pader in the north of Uganda

Pader belongs to the district of Gulu in Northern Uganda and it’s about 10 hours drive from Kampala through Lira. This region was devastated by a long war between the Lord Resistance Army and the government.

This war harmed many Acholi communities, disrupted families and their homes. After several years living in displaced camps the Acholi people could go back but faced a difficult return and resettlement as coming back meant facing the devastation and the past fears.


Red!!


Hall room at CCF House


View from the house

Our host, Caritas Gulu Archdiocese received all participants with a warm welcome and helped making this a great week! Rethink Relief brought together 16 nationalities and people with the most various backgrounds to focus on problems that communities face when returning from camps. We formed 5 teams, each with at least a design facilitator from the international organizers all black new balance trainers, an international participant, a local resident and a south sudanese refugee from Ayilo camp in the district of Adjumani, Northern Uganda. The teams were divided in the topics of agriculture, rainwater harvesting, cooking, preventive healthcare and lighting.

Amongst the many activities:
..we heard six speakers representing different perspectives who came to tell us about their experience with the war and peace process in Northern Uganda.

..we visited the Technology centre in Pader.

..we had fun activities to open our minds and use our hands.

..we worked in teams.

..and we had a final ceremony with presentations and dance!

Preventive Healthcare
I worked on the Preventive Healthcare team. We worked on a broad concept to support the healthcare of refugees during the future period of return to their communities. Within this broad idea we designed something specific for safeguarding healthcare records of a refugee household. We designed a packaging to be distributed to everyone at a camp containing for example hand sanitizer and mosquito repellent for babies. This package should be beautifully illustrated with “positive living”* messages and can be used to store the healthcare records of everyone in the household.

One of our considerations was to care for the HIV diagnosed patients. There is a tremendous stigma created around HIV. If you are diagnosed positive you will leave the healthcare facilities carrying a huge box containing some condoms, a tiny leaflet of “positive living” some water tablets and a white jerrycan. A white jerrycan will condemn you to be looked at and be segregated.

The package we designed should replace the need to carry this differentiated equipment home. It can be hung like a poster at home and can be transported when necessary. Everyone should have one.

* Positive living messages we though of include: how to make your own hand sanitizer, how often to feed your baby, how to wash hands and why to use a mosquito net

Thank you everyone!

 

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Communal space for water collection

In refugee / IDP camps, aid-agencies typically provide 15-20 liters of water per day per person out of which only 2-3 liters is used for drinking. Providing this quantity of water is expensive and requires a lot of effort. Between 10-20% of this water is wasted due to inefficient usage. This can have a serious health impact.

Can we make the utilization of water more efficient for improved health and well being?

 

The team created a simple solution to reduces spillages and recycling waste water while Improving Well being (hygiene, rest, recreation). In this solution a tap and articulation filling arm were designed to be attached to the existing piping system, with a self-opening/closing tap, that requires no contact with hands (potential source of contamination). The original crate used to transport the emergency kit is used as a spillage collector which allows the water to be reused for numerous purposes such as flush latrines and agricultural fields and prevents the formation of a puddle under the taps buy jordans online for cheap. The concept also involves the conversion of water distribution points into communal zones where different water related activities can be carried out such as hygiene, laundry and dishes and a vegetable garden using filtered water.

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CAPA portable light

Problem statement
People, especially women and kids, are more vulnerable in the dark and are prone to violent attacks. Services can be inaccessible at night, there may be lack of suitable lighting and areas can be isolated. Darkness can act as a cover for perpetrators, and due to the unsympathetic and hostile nature of authorities/context such incidents of violence can go unreported and unpunished.


Response

The team developed a personal portable lighting solution developed to protect the vulnerable in the dark. The LED lamp is attached to a lanyard to be worn around the neck or wrist. It is recharged by a dynamo power supply, and includes a radio for convenience and a panic alarm for protection jordan super.fly. It’s coated in florescent material to make it easy to find, even in the dark, and its magnetic base makes it easy to store or attach to be used as a fixed lamp.

CAPA-concept
System design analysis for CAPA portable light

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Welcome to Rethink Relief 2014 from David Okello

Caritas staff in Pader in charge of Rethink Relief 2014 local logistic

David Okello, Program manager of Caritas in Pader Uganda shares memories of his first experience at Rethink Relief in the Netherlands just a week before Rethink Relief 2014 takes place in the community he calls home.

Experiencing “Rethink Relief” for the First Time

It was October 2011 when I had the opportunity to attend the very first Rethink Relief conference in Delft, Netherlands. It all started with a “heads-on” panel discussion on the challenges of transition from relief to development and ended with “hands-on” design process during the last three days of the five-day conference.

Coming from a project management background, I was not sure if I would be relevant and make any contribution toward the technology design process when the session shifted from “heads-on” to “hands-on.” Our group was assigned to work on rainwater harvesting for the rural resettling community in northern Uganda. It was indeed an amazing process. I learned how systematic and iterative engineers are as they move through the design process and soon, I was as busy as any engineer at a lab.

What I took with me home from the conference is that technology design and innovation is a creation of the mind. And what one needs to develop technology is a creative mind that does not limit its thinking capacity. I also learned that many people normally limit their minds or underestimate their creative capacity and as a result nike air max discount, they convince themselves that “it is impossible,” yet they have the capacity to undo the impossibilities. I also learned that once the thinking process is grounded to paper, pen, hammer, saws, and drills, the immediate results are prototypes and sooner or later, a technology is born!

Now, moving from the “high comfort” in Delft in Netherlands to the “low comfort” in Pader Northern Uganda to host the Rethink Relief, I am very excited and humbled to be a host, to take leadership in planning and organizing, and to have this great team of creators in Africa, Uganda and Pader in particular.

Hosting Rethink Relief in Pader is especially important given the large number of refugees still living without basic needs in Northern Uganda. The summit will engage both local refugees and individuals from around the world to co-create technologies and approaches specifically tailored for improving life in refugee camps.

With this privilege therefore, on behalf of Caritas Gulu and the people of northern Uganda, I warmly welcome every participant and wish you a nice stay in Pader. My greatest desire is that whatever technology design process that will start here in Pader shall be completed in any corner of the world; be it in the high-tech lab in the US, Europe, Asia or Africa, it shall trace its origin and benefit the refugee communities in any parts of the world.

I am glad to introduce to you a team of committed Caritas staff who are behind the newly established technology center run by Caritas here in Pader:

•           Mr.   Ben Lakony                    – Center manager
•           Mr.   Denis Obwona                – Technical officer
•           Ms.  Susan Harriet Aber         – Field Officer
•           Ms.  Irene Lawino                  – Office Assistant.

Background to Caritas Gulu Archdiocese’s operation in Adjumani.

The situation in South Sudan suddenly deteriorated in early December 2013 when  fighting broke out amongst the Sudanese Peoples Liberation Movement (SPLM) on December 15th in Juba which spread to Jonglei and Unity States within a couple of days. Following this incidences, between December 16th and January 20th, 2014, the United Nations High Commission for Refugees (UNHCR) Office reported approximately 47,500 South Sudanese refugees in Uganda.

The refugees arriving to Adjumani district cross the Ugandan border through Nimule in South Sudan and are received at the Elegu Collection Center mens new balance 680. Once received at the collection center, refugees are mobilized to the transit centers and then to the resettlement areas.

Caritas Gulu Archdiocese through her partners among others Catholic Relief Services (CRS); CORDAID, NORAD and Caritas Germany with different funding and memorandum of associations, intervened in support of the Refugees. Since February 2014 Caritas has been implementing WASH component in Ayilo Resettlement Camp with support from CRS. Caritas Germany supported the refugees through provision of non-food items, which went along way in resettling them.

With support from CORDAID it has made it possible to support the construction of learning centre within Ayilo Resettlement, support food security and environmental conservation both within the resettlement and the host community. Caritas provided improved seeds and tree and fruit seedlings. The project is to support WASH as the major component relating to the health of Refugees.

 

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Stutents from the Innovatie Lab in Amsterdam Working on the “Water Tap” Rethink Relief Project

Seven fearless student from the Innovatie Lab in Amsterdam are currently working on  the design of the Water project developped during Rethink Relief 2013.  Their goal is to improve the design of a device to reduces spillages and recycling waste water and build a functional prototype to be tested on the field.

The seven student standing at the entrance of the school

They are working closely with Joos Van de Nortgate from MSF, last week they went on a visit to MSF Supply in Belgium, to have a look at the equipement currently used by Relief organization and get a better understanding of the logistic of Relief organization.

We are looking forward to discover what great design they will come up with and will keep you updated as the project move forward !

A little more about the Innovatie Lab :
The Innovation Lab helps small and medium enterprises  to realise their ideas.There are enough ideas bud it lacks often time, knowledgeor abilities to realize these ideas. Maybe there is lack of research-, prototype- and testing facilities or there is not enough manpower available cheap air max 90 premium tape. The innovation lab is committed to help these companies further.

With the creativity and inventiveness of students, solutions will be invented for the current inquire of the project. The students experiment, invent new opportunities, make prototypes and developing new products. The student’s project teams are multidisciplinary, from different study’s are they working on a solutions. The innovation lab offers supporting facilities which the teams can make use of.

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Rethink Relief: Looking Beyond Emergencies

Christiane Kokubo, a participant in this year’s conference and a journalist in Brazil, writes about her experience at this year’s Rethink Relief – a conference about emergencies that was colored by the unfolding of Boston’s own emergency:

And there we were. It was the third day of MIT D-Lab’s Rethink Relief conference, almost 9:30 in the morning, an we were all sitting. In front of us on the table were 4 straws, a sheet of paper, some tape, scissors, three elastic bands, two clips and some blue clay. Amy Smith explained the morning activity and 20 people, from 15 different countries, showed that inspiration can come even before breakfast, before talking to each other or before feeling really awake cheap air jordan future. “You have 10 minutes to make something useful with what you have in front of you,” Amy said.

What a challenge! Especially when your creation goes to someone else, who will have another five minutes to improve it, before they pass it to the next person, and the next. At the end of the activity, everyone explained the original idea and what happened to it. My crane mobile was improved by three people, including Amy, and came back to my hands much nicer than I could have made it myself in 10 minutes.

RR Brainstorm

A participant reviews the morning’s brainstorms

This activity was just a small piece of our week of intense discussion and work during Rethink Relief, which took place from the 14th to the 20th of April. The week saw 20 participants from 15 countries and a wide variety of backgrounds sharing experiences, creativity and stories – contributing to find solutions and to improve ideas.

Our groups were Water, Health, Protection, Economic Empowerment, Education and Energy, each of them with three-four people. Every day, all day long, dialogues in English, Spanish, Hindi, Creole, Dutch, Portuguese, French and Italian could be heard in the room. We were a melting pot of designers, engineers, computer specialists and a journalist, all together thinking about relief solutions for emergency situations.

And how strange was it then, when on the second day of the conference, two bombs exploded 1.6 miles away, and we bore witness to an emergency situation unfolding in front of us? The day before, many of us had gone to the finish line of the Boston Marathon and, as good tourists, had taken pictures of that place that would be in all the world’s papers the next day what stores sell new balance. Alberto Zerboni, an experienced architect from Doctors Without Borders (MSF), part of the Protection group, would tell me a couple of days later that he had never felt so threatened before, even after more than 12 years working for MSF in the field. He was at the finish line on Monday morning.

Scared as we could be during the week, the work went on. We talked a lot, a lot, a lot. And then, we talked some more.  We laughed and made new good friends. We had participated in activities, we listened to experts, and we shared our own experiences. Our group defined what Protection meant for us, what solutions could lay in design, what kind of problem we were going to target, and what our mission statement was. The five other groups did the same.

We were anxious to talk about our work and accomplishments and to present our prototypes on Friday. And then, another emergency surprised us, now on this side of the Charles River. No subway, bus or taxi services were available. There was no possibility of going back to D-Lab. Authorities recommended that people did not leave their homes.

RR Host Home

Participants prepare final presentations at host family’s home

We were lucky enough to find a place on Friday outside of the city where most of us could gather together. Débora Leal, a Brazilian and one of the organizers of the conference, talked to her host family, who kindly opened their house to us. Thanks to the Mallons, we had a place to finish our week’s work air jordan retro store. For Saturday, our plans changed once again, and the picnic that had been planned for the beach in Beverly was swapped for a day at D-Lab, where we would all get together to finish our presentations and show the results of our week’s work on emergencies.

I am sure that it was a transforming week for everyone. After leaving D-Lab on Saturday afternoon and saying goodbye to our new friends, we all went back home full of ideas, projects, contacts and good feelings, rethought and relieved . Good things are to come.

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